Forensic Sci. Int. (2012), doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2011.11.021
Luis Ríos, Almudena García-Rubio, Berta Martínez, Andrea Alonso, Jorge Puente
The identification process of a mass grave from the Spanish Civil War (19361939) is presented. The presumed location of the grave, as well as the presumed number and identities of the persons buried in the grave were obtained exclusively from witnesses and relatives testimonies. In agreement with the testimonies, the grave was located at the indicated location and five skeletons were exhumed. Also in agreement with the testimonies, the osteological and DNA study led investigators to propose the identification of two kin groups, a father and his son and a pair of brothers. But the genetic study did not support the identification of a fifth man presumed to have been buried in the grave. The differences and similarities between this case and another case reported earlier are discussed.